100 Science projects


Compiled by Dr. D Lyles


Overview of Science Projects




TYPE ONE--AN INVESTIGATION (Most of the best grades will be from this Investigation group.)

*Can a machine really teach?

*How long does it take the heart to return to normal after exercise?

*What is the most electricity you can make with a magnet coil?

*How rapidly does a plant make starch?

The questions in this area make the news from time to time. A sixth grade girl checked a can of beans for lead and found it was far over the FDAís limit. Canning companies had to change the way they made cans because of her findings.

A high school girl caught a flea jumping; something professional photographers had not been able to do. Every year a student sees a common item, develops a question and figures out how to solve it. Usually, quite easily using items around the house.

Many of the questions in the list further down the page could become a science project. Just follow the scientific method:

PURPOSE--What exactly are you trying to figure out with your project? To find out I state, "A machine can really be used to teach."

HYPOTHESIS--A hypothesis is an educated guess. Based on what you know, try to make an answer for your question. As you do your project, you will try to find out if your hypothesis is true. A hypothesis is a statement. You might want to write it like this: "A simple machine can teach basic science facts."

PROCEDURE--List the procedures in your logbook.

TYPE TWO--CONSTRUCTION of a model, or Putting together a Collection.

*A model of a solar home

*A telegraph system

*An ecology terrarium

*A model of a recycling plant

*Styles of handwritting

*Insulation materials and their uses

You could use any one of these as a project title. It would be better if you could form a question. For instance: How can a model of a solar home show storage of solar energy? How does a telegraph system work? Follow the scientific method. Make it part of your project.

PURPOSE--If your title is a question, the purpose of your project is to provide an answer.

RESEARCH--Collect information to help you answer your question. Use books, magazines, interviews and TV. Try contacting businesses, utilities government offices, etc.

EXPERIMENT--Test your hypothesis. Try it out. For example, "Can your machine teach science facts better than another method?" How can you find out? A hypothesis must be proved or disproved.

RESULTS--List your results. Use a notebook, charts, graphs, pictures, or tapes. Be clear! Give facts, not opinions.

CONCLUSION--What did your project teach you? Even if your experiment proved your hypothesis wasn't true, you've learned something.

TYPE THREE--DEMONSTRATION of a Scientific Principle.

*Measuring lung capacity

*Faraday's famous ice pail experiment

*An oil-drop model of a splitting atom

*An electrical smoke trap

Any of these demonstrations could be turned into a science fair project. Think in terms of a question to help you get at important ideas. For instance: "Why should lung capacity be measured?" To have a guideline for the project, follow the scientific method.

For instance: to find out if solar energy can be stored within a home.

HYPOTHESIS--This is an idea to try out. When tested, it will help you accomplish your purpose. For instance: "A model of a solar home will show that certain materials will store solar energy for use in home heating." An hypothesis is a possible answer to a question or solution to a problem."


Research--Gather information to aid your purpose.

Experiment--Test your hypothesis. "How can you prove that solar energy can be stored as heat energy?"

RESULTS--Give measurements, not statements like "more or less."

CONCLUSION--What might your project lead to? What is its importance?

The previous material comes from www.eduzone.com, a source I can no longer find online.


What Makes a Good Science Project?

What Makes a Good Project?

The Virtual Science Fair

Getting Started with Your Science Project

Steps to Prepare a Science Fair Project.


Inportant Dates for your Science Project: It is assumed you will pick an Investigation.


Faith Christian Science Fair Project Dates



The purpose of doing a science project over the course of the year is to never have to cram or hurry. If you do a little bit each day or a small chunk each week your project should collect dust the last two weeks before the science fair on March 06.

First Quarter, Choose, Learn and Write Science Report

The purpose of a Science Report is to learn background information and fill out your knowledge of your project. This typed report will be seen by everyone attending the science Fair. on March 06, 2007.

July 31, 2008, First Day of School
Aug 12, Directions, begin picking science topic for the year. Use the library and Internet to make sure you have the topic for you.

Aug 15, Chosen topic for the year with parents, students, and teachers three signatures on a
3x5 card
Aug 19, 10 cards held together by a steel spring
Aug 26, 10 cards (turn in all 20 cards)
Manditory Wednesday School on Aug 23, if not up-to-date on science cards. This is your notice for Wedneday School if you haven't turned in 20 cards on Sept 02.
Aug 27, Wednesday School

Sept 02, 10 cards (turn in all 30 cards)
Sept 09, Intro and first page (total of two pages in class)

Sept 10, Wednesday School

Sep 13, Saturday School will be available to students who need extra help.
Sept 16, finish body of paper, conclusion and bibliography (minimum of four pages in class)
Sep 19, Friday, Science typed, Rough Draft due
or Saturday school Make sure you save it at least two ways in your computer for final draft.
Sep 20, Saturday School for those who need help completing report.
Please turn report in on
Upper Division will be writing a MINIMUM of 800 words, High School will write a MINIMUM of 1200 words.

You will do a "hands-on" project with regular and repetitious experiments after Thanksgiving. (Some will need to begin before Thanksgiving to get results by the Science Fair.)

Once turned in this will be your topic for the year, consider it carefully, go to the library and find both books and adequate Internet information.

I give you from August to February to complete this project, I expect quality academics, a good looking paper turned in on time. Most of the Science Fair winners talk to their teacher frequently.

Don't be a lone ranger, Ask your teacher questions. He has been doing this longer than you, and he made up many of these questions and he has a good idea how to help you.

Pray, ask lots of questions, once picked this will be your topic this school year.


Pick a Topic

So where does one look for Science Projects?

You can also use the list directly below this paragraph. This is a list I update several times a year. I have had so many requests I have put it on the web. Feel free to use some or all of this list. Any suggestions of topics that are projects, not reports? I.e. no whales without reproducing Jonah's experiment. No volcanoes without reproducing Joe's experiment.


Astronomy and Physics Projects and Experiments

1.      Is there a relationship between sunspots and distant (DX) radio stations?(lots of work, but fun if you enjoy listening to the radio)

2.      Are there more Sun spots in August, September, October, November, December, January, or February? (observational skills)

3.      Is the earth turning? (pendulum, wind)

4.      How many objects can I see on Mars? (Observational Skills)

5.      How many objects can I see on Jupiter? (Observational Skills)


6.      Can I measure the distance to Mars and Jupiter? (Parallax, High math skills required)

7.      How far can you and half-dozen friends hear "C", octave by octave. Which one can be heard the farthest? Can you hear farther in fog, or on a clear day, clear night? Why?

8.      Why can't you see around a corner, but you can hear around a corner? (Harder than it looks. Light/sound, AM/FM)

9.      How fast does a pound of lead and a pound of feathers fall? (Gravity)

10.  What color of light will show the farthest at night? (Angstroms of light, eye)


11.  Not available this year without special permission. What will happen when I flash a laser through (pick 10 different mediums) prism, pool full of water, vacuum, dance ball mirror, 10 mirrors, etc.

12.  What is resonance? Can I make an object resonate?

13.  Can I graph the night of a meteor shower?

14.  How strong is the gravitational pull of the moon?

15.  Can you tell time using the moon?


16.  Not available this year without special permission. How do sailors use the stars for navigation?

17.  What is the best design for a paper airplane in order to keep it in the air the longest? To make it fly the farthest? VCR of experiments.

18.  Can I take a strong magnet along the road and find a small meteorite? There are about 400 tons of dust that hits the earth each day. This may take a whole bunch of work, but you will have a piece of another world, if you find it.

19.  Can I make a VCR tape of the 1000 yard model of the solar system? (I save this project for late enrolling, new students.)

20.  Can I build a SETI station? Needs lots of $, lots of time, a dedicated computer and short-wave radio. See Internet at Stanford U.


Radio Experiments and Projects

21.  Can I send information over a laser?

22.  Can I hear a distant FM/ 2 meter station when there is a meteor shower? (very difficult but rewarding.)

23.  Using wire and glass jar, make a working incandescent lamp. (Lots of parent help)

24.  Not available this year without special permission. Can I make a car alternator make electricity, without a car? Magnetism, Eddie currents, electricity

25.  What are the fewest parts necessary to build an AM radio (receiver)? What do the parts of a radio do? (No kits! Need to spend lots of time with an interested Amateur Radio person)


26.  Can you build a radio with gum, razor blades and stuff around the house? How do radio's work? (No kits!)

27.  Can I find a non-commercial satellite over my home and get a tape recording?

28.  Can I get an Amateur Radio (HAM ) License and build a simple transmitter and put it on the air, before the Science Fair? (Very difficult, but rewarding for right individual.)


Electromagnetic Experiments and Projects

29.  Can I build a motor and then improve it.

30.  Can I make an electromagnet? Can I make a permanent magnet from something that is not now a magnet?

31.  Can you find two ways to make electricity with a fruit or vegetable?

32.  Does magnetism affect plant growth?

33.  Can I make a solar motor? Solar Power

34.  Can I build a working telephone system from parts, showing how all parts work?


35.  How does light, infrared and microwaves cook food? Can I cook dinner with the Sun? Lots of Experiments

36.  Can I build a working electric car I or my parents can drive? (No kits! Expensive)

37.  How much hotter do objects get behind red sunglasses get than blue sun-blockers? Why?

38.  How would you In the summer Sun, why do we feel hotter in clothes of a dark color than in clothes lighter in color?


Computer Experiments and Projects

39.  Can you build a web page from scratch using only HTML? (I want to see each step and finished code and a finished project on Internet. This is one of the few reports I allow. You will not win science fair, but can achieve a good grade)

40.  How does a computer work? I.e. how does an either/or, 0/1 switch work? Build the switches.

41.  Can you develop a computer program that will locate a day and date from 0001 to 2100. When is September 3? First Friday in September 2000? Needs more than Dad or Mom, needs to be researched, purchased or downloaded programs not allowed.

42.  Can I see an image of a sine wave and my voice on my home computer? (this IS turning your computer into a oscilloscope, it is NOT a voice recognition program)

43.  Can I build my own 3-D computer graphics program?

44.  Can I give my computer intelligence? (This should be experiments in Artificial Intelligence, not any one installed program.)


Sun, Weather and Seasons Experiments and Projects

45.  Is there a relationship between sunspots and the weather?

46.  Can I plot the Sun on the ground? Seasons. (September-March project).

47.  Can you cool a home or model with solar energy?

48.  Can you build a solar-heated greenhouse and grow a plant in winter?

49.  How is a simple solar collector constructed? Build one.

50.  Build your own weather instruments and plot the weather for a month.


Botany and Light Experiments and Projects

51.  Does a flower grow best in dark or light? Why? Photosynthesis

52.  Can you get flowers to grow sideways?

53.  How fast does (pick a variety) of weed grow? Do they grow a foot a day, define and grow. Measure. Is there a difference between fall and spring?

54.  How do different wavelengths of light affect photosynthesis? Does a flower grow best in sunlight or electric light, purple light, etc.

55.  Can color's help or hinder preference of fruit juices?

56.  Do all materials absorb the sun equally?Infared rays


57.  Can you grow fruit and vegetables only in water?

58.  Can a plant grow from a leaf?

59.  Does sound affect plant growth?

60.  Can you starch a piece of cloth with the starch in weeds?

61.  What effect does cigarette smoke have on plants? (You must have a parent that smokes)


62.  Not available without special permission. in 2002-3. How do insect-eating plants catch and digest their food?

63.  If a tomato plant is grafted onto a potato plant what do you get? (Research new foods in Brentwood and other places)

64.  What conditions affect the rate of growth of bread mold?


Animal Experiments and Projects

65.  Can a mouse learn to go to through a maze? Can you train a mouse to do anything else?

66.  Can mice live on junk food? Can you live on only junk food?

67.  Can I observe and find if cows do or do not need sleep? (Lots of late night drives on back roads)

68.  How much weight can (pick three and identify) types of spider webs hold before breaking?

69.  Not available without special permission. in 2002-3. How do the webs of various spiders differ? Does each spider spin just one kind of web? What is spider silk composed?

70.  Are fish affected by magnetism?

71.  Can beetles hear?

72.  Are the activities of nocturnal animals affected by the moon? Why does your cat act that way?


Chemistry Experiments and Projects

73.  How much lead is in your house?

74.  Can you make oxygen from rocks?

75.  What factors slow the rate at which substances dissolve in water?

76.  What chemical elements are found in seawater? Find and solve, not a report.

77.  What is the salinity (salt content) of tears?

78.  What are the differences between butter and margarine?

79.  Not available without special permission. in 2002-3. How is blood type determined? What is the most common type? How do the types differ? Can you type your own blood?


Earth Science Experiments and Projects

80.  Can you prove the earth is moving? Plate tectonics. (Lots of visits to Red Top Road)

81.  Learn about clouds and fog and reproduce it in a five gallon plastic jug.

82.  What are the most common kinds of rocks in your area? (Find and correctly identify many rocks.)

83.  Is it possible to create a cloud? If so, how? What type? If not, why not?

84.  What are the water currents in the Bay? (need a parent, boat and lots of time).

85.  Can I make a penny float?Surface tension


Pure Mathematics Experiments

86.  Build a working version of Pythagorean' Theorem I can use in class for the next 10 years.

87.  Using 12 knots, can you make a 3-4-5 triangle with 90 degrees? World Book, P, pg 813


Non-assorted Experiments and Projects

88.  Can prejudice be decreased with knowledge/education? (takes many people)

89.  Can I make natural insecticides?

90.  Not available without special permission. in 2002-3. Can I make paste and glue from household products?

91.  Not available without special permission. in 2002-3. What causes a ring on your bathtub?

92.  Do all golf balls/rockets go the same distance? How far can you hit/shoot it into and away from 5 and 10 mile wind?


93.  Using a two liter bottle as a rocket, how much water is the optimum amount to get the rocket to go the highest elevation?

94.  Can I build a robot car? (No kits!)

95.  Can I make a working exoskeleton (Robocop) for myself?

96.  Can I locate and build four types of water wheels?

97.  Can I build a working windmill?

98.  Can people remember things in early life by drawing pictures with their non-dominant hand?


99.  How does Aspirin affect the Body? (Need willing parents for experiments)

100.                      Does Coke or Pepsi taste better?(takes a number of large groups)

101.                      How does Alcohol affect the nerves? (Must have a parent that drinks alcohol.)

102.                      Gotta convince me in 2002-3. Scientifically show how three magic tricks work, using correct laws.

103.                      What factors increase the rate at which milk sours?


104.                      How fast does human hair grow? Must check black, brown, blond and redhead.

105.                      Not available without special permission. in 2002-3. How fast does human fingernails grow?

106.                      How much cooler is it usually in the shade than in the sun? What factors affect this difference?

107.                      Why do objects float higher in salt water than fresh water?

108.                      How do cameras work? Build a simple camera using ASA 400 film. (No kits!)


109.                      How high can a balloon go before it pops? Study Atmosphere and pressure.

110.                      What makes heavier than water things float?


New Ideas I haven't had time to develop after going to another science fair.


Hovercraft using leaf blowers

How much air is needed for a fire?

What color holds the heat the longest? Try your theory on black / white clothes.Why do we feel hoter in dark clothes but coler in lgith clothes in the summer sun?

Plot sunrise and sunset and tell why the changes

Tap vs. bottled water which is better?

Design and make a working electric light

Solar water heater/oven.Can I be able to heat water to 212 degrees F using solar energy?

What will make a flower grow sideways

Teach a snake or rodent tricks with a complete guide on how it did / didnít work.Can I teach a corn snake how to go through a maze to find its food?

Build an airplane wing that will fly.Can I make an airplane wing out of balsa wood and make it work?

Which is warmer, blue or red glass?

Will soap melt in the microwave?

How many things can I see on Mars?

Do people remember audio or audio-visual information better?

Can I make a working windmill?

What color of light will show the farthest at night?

Can I make an electric motor?

What materials can be charged with static electricity?

Can I build a working robot car?

Can a magnetic field affect the growth of radishes?

Can a car move off of one rubber band?

Can I make a working wind tunnel?

Which types of lightbulbs produces the most light?

Can I build a working Van de Graff?

Can I extract DNA then see it, touch it and feel it?

Can a person have genetically inherited tasting ability?

Can I make a cake with soda (coke) instead of milk and eggs and butter?How important are the ingredients in a recipe?

What is the best design for a paper airplane in order to keep it in the air the longest or fly the farthest?

Can I make a solution that will make bigger bubbles than store bought bubble solution?

Can I build a strong bridge out of pasta?

How does a telegraph work and what as it used for?

How far is the nearest fault line moving in six months?

Learn about clouds and fog and reproduce it in a five-gallon plastic jug.

Can I build a working Jacob ís ladder?

Can I build a solar battery charger that works?

What color lure is the best to catch a salmon?

Measuring the brightness of an Incandescent light bulb

At what angle will a catapult fling a one ounce object the farthest?


C. Science Report

Science Fair Paper

All papers will be at least 1200 words AND six pages in the Sixth grade! (As a rule of thumb, 200 words or one page per year.)
B. All papers will be typed!
C. All papers will be double spaced
D. All papers will be "Times New Roman or Arial," 12 point font
E. One inch margins all the way around your paper.
F. Make sure you use typing rules like two spaces after the end of a sentence. Then the next sentence.
G. Any papers using Proper Pronouns, such as "I", "You", "We" will be returned with no grade to be rewritten. This is a REPORT on what you have learned from your research NOT a preview of your science project~!
H. Copying or plagerism will not be tolerated. It is stealing and lying. It is against the law. I will return papers with plagerism without a grade, to be rewritten.

D. Experiment including Log Book (repetitive and scientific)

A written report documenting the procedures and materials used including the date and time working on the project. Part of the log should also indicate the length of time involved in the project/experiment. Logbook entries would be things such as: "04/11/2003: 18:00. [or 6:00 pm] My project will be an experiment based on a variety of testing at different times during the date and night." Or "04/11/2003: 20:00. Today I tried to see different colors, as the sun was going down. It was hard to see the difference between the red and the blue. Tomorrow I will try it again at 20:15 [8:15 pm]

E. Backboard (artistic according to requirements)

The backboard should be standard three fold cardboard or white board like OFFICE MAX or STAPLES might stock.
A good portion of the backboard grade will be based on artistic beauty and clarity.


Left Panel

Center Panel

Right Panel

Purpose in form of a Question




Student Name



Materials used

Spritiual Application/Verse


Graphs and charts

Illustrations and photos


Considerations (Redundant, but probably necessary)

Around August 10, you need to have three science books in class. The books must be on the topic of your science fair project. This is the only day you can get credit for this assignment. We will be working with these books in class. I would suggest you get books, magazines, Internet articles, before you determine you are going to choose your topic.

You will be writing a minimum of 1200 word paper on the topic you pick. This paper must have a correctly formatted Bibliography as the last page.

You will do a "hands-on" project with regular and repetitious experiments after Christmas. (Some will need to begin before Chrsitmas to get results by the Science Fair.)

Once turned in this will be your topic for the year, consider it carefully, go to the library and find both books and adequate Internet information.

I give you from August to March to complete this project, I expect quality academics, a good looking paper turned in on time. Most of the Science Fair winners talk to their teacher frequently.

Don't be a lone ranger, Ask your teacher questions. He has been doing this longer than you have and made up many of these questions and has a good idea how to help you.

Pray, ask lots of questions, once picked this will be your topic this school year.


Things that don't fit anywhere but you would like to know

--Steady work wins the day. Those that do their work day by day or weekend by weekend were the clear winners. Remeber the rabbit was faster but lost to the turtle that stayed at the race until he won.

--There is little relationship between GPA grades and Science Fair winners. Frequently, "poor" students in class can excel at hands on like the Science Fair Project. "Excellent" students frequently find school easy and are not excited about having to do real work.

--Most of the best backboards were three fold, black boards. Not sure why, but it is true. For sure, the best looking boards were the painted from the factory boards.

--Never use tape, always use glue, preferably a glue stick or other neat way to have a permanent stick without "wilting" the paper.

--Make sure you have the Project Title and your name on the top, middle of the board.

--Typed work always gets a better grade.

--If I get pictures of Science Fair projects, I will post them here.


BIBLIOGRAPHY, Bible or book / graph or writing.

Bibliography has come to mean a book list.

MLA Format:
Single author in a bibliography entry. When only a single author is listed for a text, typical bibliography entries will appear as follows:

Kasson, John F. Civilizing the Machine: Technology and Republican Values in America 1776-1900. York:

Penguin, 1976.

Martin, Emily. The Woman in the Body: A Cultural Analysis of Reproduction. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.

MLA Format:
Multiple authors in a bibliography. When more than one person has authored a text, typical bibliography entries will appear as follows:

Ehrenreich, Barbara, and John Ehrenreich, eds. The American Health Empire: Power, Profits, and Politics. New York:

Vintage, 1971.

Fee, Elizabeth, and Daniel M. Fox, eds. AIDS: The Burdens of History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Grossberg, Lawrence, Cary Nelson, and Paula A. Treicher, eds. Cultural Studies. New York:

Routeledge, 1992.

Hall, Stewart, Ed al. Policing the Crisis.Basingstoke: Macmillian, 1979.

MLA Format:
Newspapers The following isa sample entry for an article in a newspaper.

Perez-Pena, Richard, ďCUNY and California Curbs: Parallels in Approach.ĒNew York

Times, 13 May 1998, Late Ed.: B8.

(The phrase "late ed." refers to "late edition" since some papers like the Times publish several editions daily. The San Francisco Chronicle use stars, "two, three, four or five star editon"

MLA Format:
Encyclopedia articles in a bibliography entry. To cite an article in an encyclopedia, use the same format as if it were an item in an anthology (see above), the only difference being that the editor should not be cited. If the passage designates a particular author (sometimes this is done with abbreviations of the author's name - find the entire name of that author elsewhere in the work), give the name of the author first. If there is no explicit author, then give the title first. If the encyclopedia arranges its articles alphabetically, volume and page numbers may be omitted. If the encyclopedia is very familiar and frequently appears in new additions, only the edition and the year of publication.

Mealworm, "Encyclopedia Britannica. 1987 ed.

Garvey, Lawrence.
El Paso, Illinois.Encyclopedia Americana. 1982 ed.

MLA Format:
Webpage or Website in a bibliography.

Format: Author, Author. Editor. Date. Institution. Access Date. URL.


Student Initiated Drinking and Driving Prevention. 4 Oct. 2000. National GRADD. 16 Feb. 2001 .

Various contributions. How to be Popular In High School. Jeff Marx Books. 16 Feb. 2001

All entries should be in alphabetical order by Authorís last name. Taken from Writerís Workshop, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Science Fair Grading


Science Fair Grading (by Scientist on Fair Day)


Student Name




Grade Division














Project Title


Project Number


Judge's Initials














Origionality and Creativity






Effective Use of Scientific Method






Knowledge Achieved






Clarity of Expression






Biblical Application











Total Points:



Dr. Lyle's Check-off and Grading sheet


Student's Name: ____________________



Topic: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
March 10, 2003

_____ First and last name on the front of the backboard and front page of report and logbook. (10)

_____ Art: Clean, Clear, Spelled correctly and looking good. (10)

_____ Report typed, biobliography, in clear binder. (10)

_____ Logbook: who, what, when, where, why and how clearly stated on each of the ten entries. (10)

_____ Question or Purpose Card: in the form of a question. (10)

_____ Hypothesis: "If . . . Then" or "I believe" format. (10)

_____ Procedure: A step by step recipe. (10)

_____ Results: Report of informtion. (10)

_____ Conclusion: Comapre data resultas with hypothesis. (10)

_____ Bible verse and Spiritual Application. (10) Passage:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_____ Data Collection Sheet. (10)

_____ Materials (10)

___________________ Final Grade (120)

First place = 30 extra credit points; Second place finish = 20 extra points; Third place = 10 extra points.